Open Letter to American Physical Society

Regarding the National Policy Statement on Climate Change of the APS Council:

As physicists who are familiar with the science issues, and as current and past members of the American Physical Society, we the undersigned urge the Council to revise its current statement* on climate change as follows, so as to more accurately represent the current state of the science:

Greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, accompany human industrial and agricultural activity. While substantial concern has been expressed that emissions may cause significant climate change, measured or reconstructed temperature records indicate that 20th 21st century changes are neither exceptional nor persistent, and the historical and geological records show many periods warmer than today. In addition, there is an extensive scientific literature that examines beneficial effects of increased levels of carbon dioxide for both plants and animals.

Studies of a variety of natural processes, including ocean cycles and solar variability, indicate that they can account for variations in the Earth’s climate on the time scale of decades and centuries. Current climate models appear insufficiently reliable to properly account for natural and anthropogenic contributions to past climate change, much less project future climate.

The APS supports an objective scientific effort to understand the effects of all processes – natural and human –on the Earth’s climate and the biosphere’s response to climate change, and promotes technological options for meeting challenges of future climate changes, regardless of cause.

* The statement of the APS Council, adopted on November 18, 2007 is as follows:

“Emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities are changing the atmosphere in ways that affect the Earth’s climate. Greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide as well as methane, nitrous oxide and other gases. They are emitted from fossil fuel combustion and a range of industrial and agricultural processes.

The evidence is incontrovertible: Global warming is occurring. If no mitigating actions are taken, significant disruptions in the Earth’s physical and ecological systems, social systems, security and human health are likely to occur. We must reduce emissions of greenhouse gases beginning now.

Because the complexity of the climate makes accurate prediction difficult, the APS urges an enhanced effort to understand the effects of human activity on the Earth’s climate, and to provide the technological options for meeting the climate challenge in the near and longer terms. The APS also urges governments, universities, national laboratories and its membership to support policies and actions that will reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.”

— APS News; January 2008 (Volume 17, Number 1)

As current and past members of the American Physical Society, we the undersigned petition the APS Council to commission an independent, objective study and assessment of the science relating to the question of anthropogenic global warming. The assessment should consider findings representing the full scope of available scientific sources. The assessment is to be used as a basis for a new Statement on Climate Change that reflects the current state of scientific knowledge and its uncertainties. This Petition is to be provided to the membership for comment prior to action by the Council.

Respectfully,

Joseph H. Abeles Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff Director, Business Development Sarnoff Corporation

Harold M. Agnew President, General Atomics Corporation (1979 -1984) White House Science Councilor (1982 -1989) Director, Los Alamos National Laboratory (1970 -1979)

E.O. Lawrence Award 1966, Enrico Fermi Award 1978, Los Alamos Medal (with H.A. Bethe) 2001 Member National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering; Fellow APS, AAAS

Sol Aisenberg President, International Technology Group Formerly, Staff Member, MIT; Lecturer, Harvard Medical School; Visiting Research Professor, Boston University

Ralph B. Alexander Former Associate Professor of Physics Wayne State University President, R.B. Alexander & Associates Technology and market analysis in environmentally friendly materials and coatings Author, Global Warming False Alarm (Canterbury)

Moorad Alexanian Professor of Physics and Physical Oceanography University of North Carolina -Wilmington Member Mexican Academy of Sciences, American Scientific Affiliation

Louis J. Allamandola Director, Astrochemistry Laboratory NASA Ames Research Center Fellow APS, AAAS Member ACS, American Astronomical Society, International Astronomical Union James L. Allen Engineer/Scientist International Space Station Program The Boeing Company (retired)

Arthur G. Anderson Vice President and former Director of Research IBM (retired) Fellow APS, Fellow IEEE, Member National Academy of Engineering

Charles R. Anderson President and Principal Scientist Anderson Materials Evaluation, Inc. Former Research Physicist, Department of Navy Former Research Scientist, Lockheed Martin Laboratories Member MRS, AVS

David V. Anderson CEO, Asora Education Enterprises Research Physicist Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (retired) Former Councilor APS Senior Fellow APS

Eva Andrei Professor of Physics Rutgers University Fellow APS

Robert H. Austin Professor of Physics Princeton University Fellow APS, AAAS; APS Council: 1991-1994, 2007-2010 Member National Academy of Sciences, American Association of Arts and Sciences

David A. Bahr Associate Professor and Chair Department of Physics Bemidji State University

John M. Baker Research Staff Member IBM T.J. Watson Research Center (retired) Life Member APS

David F. Bartlett Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Colorado Fellow and Life Member APS; Member American Geophysical Union, American Astronomical Society,

AAPT, AAAS Franco Battaglia, Professor of Chemical Physics and Environmental Chemistry University of Modena, Italy Life Member APS

Peter J. Baum Member of the Technical Staff General Research Corporation (retired) Formerly, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics University of California at Riverside Life Member American Geophysical Union

David J. Benard Retired Aerospace Scientist Co-Inventor of the Chemical Oxygen-Iodine Laser

Richard W. Benjamin Senior Advisory Scientist Savannah River Site (DOE) (retired) Member ANS, AAAS

Lev I. Berger President California Institute of Electronics and Materials Science Author, Semiconductor Materials; and

Material and Device Characterization Measurements (CRC Press)

Stuart B. Berger Research Fellow and Divisional Time-to-Market Manager Xerox Corporation (retired)

Ami E. Berkowitz Emeritus Professor of Physics University of California at San Diego Fellow APS

Alan Berman Dean Rosensteil School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences University of Miami (retired) Former Director of Research, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory Fellow APS, Fellow Acoustical Society of America

Barry L. Berman Columbian Professor and Chair Physics Department The George Washington University Fellow APS

Edwin X. Berry Atmospheric Physicist, Climate Physics, LLC Certified Consulting Meteorologist #180 Member American Meteorological Society

Frances M. Berting Northern New Mexico Citizens Advisory Board and Committee (2000-present) Los Alamos County Council (2001-2008) Formerly, Materials Scientist, Hanford (DOE), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Westinghouse, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Vladislav A. Bevc Associate Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey (retired); Formerly, Member of the Technical Staff, The Aerospace Corporation; Physicist, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Visiting Fellow, Hoover Institution (Stanford University) Senior Member IEEE

Joseph J. Bevelacqua President, Bevelacqua Resources Author, Health Physics in the 21st Century (Wiley); Contemporary Health Physics (Wiley) Member American Nuclear Society, AMS, Mathematical Association of America,

Health Physics Society, American Academy of Health Physics, AAPT Diplomat of the American Board of Health Physics

Matthew S. Bigelow Assistant Professor Department of Physics, Astronomy, and Engineering Science St. Cloud State University Member OSA

Clifford Bruce Bigham Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd. (retired) Senior Member APS, Sustaining Member CAP

Arie Bodek George E. Pake Professor of Physics University of Rochester Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics (APS) 2004 Fellow APS

Stephen E. Bodner Naval Research Laboratory (retired) Fellow APS

John W. Boring Professor Emeritus of Engineering Physics University of Virginia F. Paul Brady Principal, BPF Investments/Charitable Investments Professor of Physics University of California at Davis (retired) Senior Fulbright Scholar, Ford Foundation Fellow Fellow APS

James D. Brasher Sr. Professional Staff The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Air and Missile Defense Department Life Member Sigma Xi

Richard J. Briggs Formerly, Program Manager, Science Applications International Corporation Deputy Director, Superconducting Supercollider Laboratory Associate Director, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Associate Professor, MIT Fellow APS, AAAS

Lowell S. Brown Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Washington Scientific Staff Member, Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow APS, AAAS

Thomas G. Brown Professor of Optics The Institute of Optics University of Rochester Fellow OSA

Daniel M. Bubb Associate Professor and Chair Department of Physics Rutgers University, Camden

William R. Burdett Principal Consultant, FSIM Consulting Formerly, E-Government Architect

U.S. Department of Justice (retired); Geophysical Modeling and Simulation General Research Corporation

William T. Buttler Experimental Physicist Physics Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Editor, Shock Compression of Condensed Matter 2009 (APS) Timothy D. Calvin President, Bearfoot Corporation (retired) Fabricated rubber products for the DOD, shoe and automobile industries Member ACS

William J. Camp Emeritus Director: Computation, Information, and Mathematics Sandia National Laboratories Co-founder, IUPAP Commission C-20, The Commission on Computational Physics Nova Award for Invention of Cray XT3 Computer Architecture (Lockheed Martin Corporation) Fellow APS, Member IEEE Computer Society

Mark L. Campbell Professor, Department of Chemistry United States Naval Academy Life Member APS

Gregory H. Canavan Senior Fellow and Scientific Advisor, Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow APS

Jeffrey A. Casey President Rockfield Research, Inc. Member IEEE

Jack G. Castle Senior Scientist Sandia National Laboratories (retired) Fellow and Life Member APS

Carmen A. Catanese Executive Vice President Sarnoff Corporation (retired) Life Member APS

Jose´ M. Cervero Professor of Theoretical Physics Departamento de Fisica Fundamental Facultad de Ciencias Universidad de Salamanca

C. Todd Chadwick Experimental Design Consultant Member AES Joseph F. Chiang Professor and Former Chairman Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry State University of New York, Oneonta Life Member APS

Michael R. Clover Science Applications International Corporation

William T. Coffey Professor of Electrical Engineering University of Dublin, Trinity College Author, The Langevin Equation (World Scientific Publishing) Member Editorial Board, Advances in Chemical Physics Member Royal Irish Academy; Fellow APS, IET, Institute of Physics

Roger W. Cohen Manager, Strategic Planning and Programs ExxonMobil Corporation (retired) Otto Schade Prize (Society for Information Display) 2006 Fellow APS

Robert K. Conger President Conger and Associates Consulting

John W. Cox Director, Advanced Sensor Engineering Aerospace Corporation

Lawrence Cranberg Professor of Physics University of Virginia (retired) Fellow APS

Barry D. Crane Project Director Institute for Defense Analyses Life Member APS

Steven R. Cranmer Astrophysicist, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Karen Harvey Prize (AAS) 2006 Associate Editor, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics Member American Astronomical Society, American Geophysical Union

J. F. Cuderman Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff Sandia National Laboratories (retired), Life Member APS Stephen M. Curry Director of Engineering Dallas Semiconductor Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. (retired) Member OSA

Jerry M. Cuttler President, Cuttler and Associates, Inc. Engineering, consulting, and licensing services for the nuclear power industry President, Canadian Nuclear Society (1995-1996) Fellow Canadian Nuclear Society, Member American Nuclear Society

James H. Degnan Principal Physicist Directed Energy Directorate Air Force Research Laboratory Fellow APS

Joseph G. Depp Founding President and CEO, Accuray Incorporated (retired) Stereotactic radiosurgery technology Founding President and CEO, PsiStar Incorporated Life Member APS

Daniel K. Deptuck Staff Scientist, Optoelectronics Engineering CMC Microsystems Member SPIE

Riccardo DeSalvo Senior Scientist Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) California Institute of Technology Member ASME

James A. Deye Nuclear and Medical physicist Life Member APS

Eugene H. Dirk APS Division of Astrophysics, and Division of Computational Physics Topical Groups on Gravity, and Precision Measurement and Fundamental Constants

Albert C. Doskocil Program Manager Raytheon Company (retired) Life Member APS

David H. Douglass Professor of Physics University of Rochester Fellow APS

Jerry T. Dowell Senior Staff Scientist Agilent Technologies (retired) Member IEEE, American Society for Mass Spectroscopy, AAPT

Paul J. Drallos President and CEO, Plasma Dynamics Corporation (retired) Kinetic & fluid dynamic computer simulation services

James E. Draper Emeritus Professor of Physics University of California at Davis Fellow APS

Murray Dryer Emeritus Scientist Space Weather Prediction Center (retired), NWS National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Space Science Award for interplanetary shock wave research (AIAA) 1975 Member American Astronomical Society, American Geophysical Union, AIAA

William T. Duffy Jr. Professor Emeritus of Physics Santa Clara University

Tomasz Durakiewicz Scientific Staff Member Los Alamos National Laboratory

David F. Edwards Physicist, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (retired) Formerly, Los Alamos National Laboratory; Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Colorado State University; Lincoln Laboratory, MIT

Albert G. Engelhardt President and CEO, Enfitek, Inc. Environmental control and security systems Senior Life Member IEEE

James E. Enstrom Research Professor Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center University of California at Los Angeles Life Member APS

Vladimir Escalante-Ramirez Researcher Center for Radio Astronomy and Astrophysics National Autonomous University of Mexico

Mario E. Fajardo Principal Research Chemist Munitions Directorate Air Force Research Laboratory Member ACS

John R. Fanchi Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering and Energy Institute Texas Christian University Author, Energy in the 21st Century (World Scientific Publishing); Author, Energy: Technology and Directions for the Future (Elsevier) Member SEG, SPE

Jens G. Feder Professor of Physics of Geological Processes University of Oslo Fellow APS

Mauro Ferrari Professor and Chairman Department of Nanomedicine and Biomedical Engineering Professor of Internal Medicine University of Texas Health Center

Douglas E. Fields Associate Professor Department of Physics and Astronomy University of New Mexico

Edward J. Finn Emeritus Professor of Physics, Georgetown University Chair, Department of Physics (1990-1993) President University faculty Senate (1980-1982) NSF Program Manager (1981-1983) Co-author, Fundamental University Physics (Addison Wesley)

Robert A. Fisher Consultant, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Research Scientist (retired) Department of Chemistry and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California at Berkeley

Michael M. Fitelson Chief Scientist, Micro-Systems Enablers Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems

Joseph R. Florian Co-Founder of Jaycor Networks Incorporated Senior Scientist, Jaycor, SAIC Member IEEE

Harold K. Forsen Senior Vice President, Bechtel Corporation (retired) Governing Board, National Research Council (1994-2003) Foreign Secretary, National Academy of Engineering (1995-2003) Arthur Holly Compton Award (ANS) 1972 Member National Academy of Engineering; Fellow APS, ANS, American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Bruce L. Freeman Senior Experimental Physicist, Ktech Corporation Formerly, Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Texas A&M Coauthor Explosively Driven Pulsed Power (Springer);

Explosive Pulsed Power (Imperial College) Member IEEE Plasma Sciences, Directed Energy Professional Society

Michael H. Frese Designer/Developer of Multiphysics

Simulation Codes and Applications Founder and Managing Member of NumerEx, LLC Member SIAM, IEEE

James L. Friar Laboratory Fellow Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow APS

Martin Fricke Corporate Officer Science Applications International Corporation; The Titan Corporation Former Elected Member POPA Fellow APS

Peter D. Friedman Associate Professor Chairman, Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Member American Geophysical Union, ASME, American Nuclear Society Ian J. Fritz Research Physicist, Sandia National Laboratories (retired) R&D 100 Award 1991 Basic Energy Sciences Sustained Outstanding Achievement Award (DOE) 1993 NOVA Award 2001 (Lockheed Martin Corporation)

Rodger L. Gamblin Managing Director Corona Color, LLC

John C. Garth Research Physicist Air Force Research Laboratory (retired) Member ANS, ASTM, American Association of Physicists in Medicine, Computational Medical Physics Working Group

G. Roger Gathers Senior Scientist, M. H. Chew and Associates Physicist, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1967-1993) Author, Selected Topics in Shock Wave Physics and

Equation of State Modeling (World Scientific Publishing)

Gary J. Gerardi Professor, Department of Chemistry and Physics William Paterson University

Ulrich H. Gerlach Professor and Vice Chair Department of Mathematics Ohio State University

Ivar Giaever Institute Professor, School of Engineering and School of Science Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 Member National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering; Fellow APS

George T. Gillies Research Professor, School of Engineering and Applied Science; and Research Professor, Department of Physics University of Virginia Clinical Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Virginia Commonwealth University Fellow APS

Damon Giovanielli President, Sumner Associates scientific consultants Former Division Leader, Physics Division Los Alamos National Laboratory LANL staff member, program and line manager (1972-1993) Fellow AAAS Eleftherios Gkioulekas Professor of Mathematics University of Texas – Pan American Member AMS

Albert Gold Associate Dean of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard University (retired)

Ronald B. Goldfarb National Institute of Standards and Technology Life Member APS

Laurence I. Gould Professor of Physics University of Hartford Member Executive Board of the New England Section of the APS Chairman (2004), New England Section APS

Paul M. Grant EPRI Science Fellow (retired) IBM Research Staff Member Emeritus Senior Life Fellow APS

Howard D. Greyber University of Pennsylvania (retired) Formerly, Princeton University, LLNL Theory Group, Northeastern University Member American Astronomical Society, Fellow Royal Astronomical Society

Ronald J. Gripshover Senior Research Physicist Naval Surface Weapons Center (retired)

Roger Grismore Research Professor Physics Department California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo Member American Geophysical Union, N. Y. Academy of Sciences

David E. Groce Science Applications International Corporation (retired) Formerly, General Atomics Corporation Member AAAS, Lyncean Group

Mike Gruntman Professor of Astronautics University of Southern California Author, Blazing the Trail. The Early History of Spacecraft and Rocketry (AIAA) Luigi G. Napolitano Book Award (International Academy of Astronautics) 2006 Member American Geophysical Union, Associate Fellow AIAA George Hacken Senior Director, Safety-Critical Systems New York City Transit Authority Formerly, Senior Member of the Technical Staff, GEC-Marconi Aerospace Chair, New York Chapter, IEEE Computer Society Member AMS, SIAM, ANS, AIAA, New York Academy of Sciences

David S. Hacker Senior Staff Research Engineer Amoco Corporation (retired) Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering University of Illinois, Chicago Circle (1965-1981) Fellow AIChE

Aksel Hallin Canada Research Chair in Astroparticle Physics Department of Physics University of Alberta Fellow APS

Sultan Hameed Professor of Atmospheric Science School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences Stony Brook University, New York

William Happer Cyrus Fogg Brackett Professor of Physics Princeton University Fellow APS, AAAS Member National Academy of Sciences

Rodney E. Harrington Professor Emeritus of Microbiology Arizona State University Fellow APS, AAAS; Member ACS, American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Joseph G. Harrison Associate Professor Department of Physics University of Alabama at Birmingham Member ACS, MRS

Howard C. Hayden Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Connecticut Editor, The Energy Advocate Author, A Primer on CO2 and Climate (Vales Lake) Dennis B. Hayes Research Physicist Los Alamos, Sandia, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories President, Lockheed Martin Nevada Technologies, Inc. (retired) Fellow APS

John R. Henley Science Applications International Corporation Life Member APS

Joseph F. Hiller Inchem, LLC Member ACS

Jack M. Hollander Professor Emeritus of Energy and Resources, University of California, Berkeley Vice-President Emeritus, The Ohio State University First Head, Energy and Environment Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Fellow APS, AAAS

David B. Holtkamp Scientific Staff Member Physics Division Los Alamos National Laboratory

John H. Huckans Assistant Professor Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania

John C. Ingraham Scientific Staff Member Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired) Member American Geophysical Union

Helen Jackson Research Physicist, Air Force Research Laboratory Wright Laboratory Member Materials Research Society, IEEE

Kenneth A. Jackson President, Materials Research Society (1976-1977) President, American Association for Crystal Growth (1970-1976) Chalmers Award (Materials Society of the AIME) 2003 Award of the American Association for Crystal Growth 1993; Matthewson Gold Medal (AIME) 1966 Member National Academy of Engineering; Fellow APS, AAAS, The Metallurgical Society

Michael A. Joffe Test Engineer Manager Luminus Devices, Inc. Member OSA H. Richard Johnson Co-Founder and Former CEO Watkins-Johnson Company (retired) Life Fellow IEEE, Member National Academy of Engineering

James R. Johnson 3M Company (retired) Member Carlton Society (3M Hall of Fame) Member National Academy of Engineering

O’Dean Judd LANL Fellow Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired) Technical Advisor and Consultant Fellow APS, IEEE, AAAS

Andrew Kaldor Distinguished Scientific Advisor Manager of Breakthrough Research ExxonMobil Corporation (retired) Fellow AAAS, Member ACS

Alexander E. Kaplan Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering The Johns Hopkins University Max Born Award (Optical Society of America) 2005 Alexander von Humboldt Award (von Humboldt Foundation) 1996 Fellow OSA

Thomas J. Karr Director, DARPA & Strategic Projects, Advanced Concepts & Technology Division Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1984-1996) Editor, Applied Optics (1991-1994) Member OSA, AAAS; Senior Member IEEE

Thomas W. Karras Senior Fellow Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems Life Member APS, Member OSA, AIAA, SPIE

David J. Kaup Provost’s Distinguished Professor Department of Mathematics University of Central Florida

Jonathan Katz Professor of Physics Washington University

William E. Keller Leader, Low Temperature Physics Group 1971-1985 Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired) Fellow APS

Hugh Kendrick, Acting Director Office of Plans and Analysis, Asst. Secretary for Nuclear Reactor Programs, DOE Assistant to the President, Science Applications International Corporation (retired) Life Member APS, Member ANS

John M. Kennel Autonetics Division, Boeing North American (retired) Formerly, Electronics Division, Northrop Grumman Corporation Member AAAS, AIAA

Paul I. Kingsbury Manager, Physical Properties Research Department Corning Inc. (retired)

Robert S. Knox Professor of Physics Emeritus University of Rochester Member APS Council 1985-1988 Fellow APS

William A. Koldewyn Senior Consultant Strategic Space Development, Inc. Adjunct Professor of Physics, Dixie State College Staff Consultant and SBSS Chief Scientist, Ball Aerospace & Technology Corp. (retired)

Richard V. Kollarits Member of the Technical Staff AT&T Laboratories/Research, Retired

Iannis Kominis Assistant Professor Department of Physics University of Crete

Robert A. Koslover Senior Scientist Scientific Applications and Research Associates (SARA), Inc.

M. Kristiansen C.B.Thornton/P.W.Horn Professor Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Texas Tech University Fellow APS, IEEE

Moyses Kuchnir Applied Scientist Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (retired) Life Member APS, Member IEEE, AAAS

Lorenz A. Kull President and Chief Operating Officer Science Applications International Corporation (retired) Life Member APS; Member AAAS, IEEE

Joseph A. Kunc Professor, Physics and Astronomy University of Southern California Fellow APS

Gary S. Kyle George W. Gardner Professor of Physics New Mexico State University

Paul L. La Celle Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering Former Chair, Department of Biophysics University of Rochester Alexander von Humboldt Senior Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Biophysics, Frankfort

Sau-Hai Lam Emeritus Professor of Engineering Princeton University Member National Academy of Engineering, Fellow AIAA

Steven K. Lamoreaux Professor of Physics Yale University Former Laboratory Fellow, Los Alamos National Laboratory APS Outstanding Referee Fellow APS, Life Member APS

Jerzy M. Langer Institute of Physics Polish Academy of Sciences Honorary Vice President, Euroscience Fellow APS, Member Academia Euroapea Ronald C. Lasky Professor, Thayer School of Engineering Director, Cook Engineering Design Center Dartmouth College Senior Technologist, Indium Corporation

Robert B. Laughlin Professor of Physics, Stanford University

E. O. Lawrence Award in Physics 1985 Oliver E. Buckley Prize (APS) 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics 1998 Member National Academy of Sciences; Fellow AAAS

André LeClair Professor of Physics Cornell University

Robert E. LeLevier Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1951-1957) Physics Department, RAND Corp (1957-1971) R&D Associates (1971-1983) Eos Technologies, Inc. (1983-1993)

John F. Lescher High Technology Systems and Product Development and Marketing, Civilian and Defense Industries Author, Online Market Research (Addison-Wesley) Fellow APS; Senior Member AIAA; Member IEEE, American Marketing Association,

Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals

James D. Lester Research Physicist (retired) Life Member IEEE

Robert E. Levine Industrial and Defense Physics and Engineering (retired) Member ACM, IEEE

Harold W. Lewis Professor of Physics Emeritus University of California at Santa Barbara Chairman, Defense Science Board Panel on Nuclear Winter Fellow APS, AAAS; Chairman, APS Reactor Safety Study

John D. Lindl James Clerk Maxwell Prize for Plasma Physics (APS) 2007 Fellow APS, AAAS

Xavier Llobet Research Associate Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne

Gabriel G. Lombardi Senior Scientist, Phase Coherence, Inc. National Research Council Associate (NIST, 1980-82) Life Member APS, Member OSA

Michael D. Lubin Colonel, United States Air Force (retired)

Farrel W. Lytle CEO, The EXAFS Company First Recipient of the Farrel W. Lytle Award (SSRL) 1998 Fellow APS, AAAS; Member ACS, Society for American Archaeology

Alfred U. MacRae President, MacRae Technologies Member National Academy of Engineering; Fellow APS, IEEE

Frank L. Madarasz Formerly, Scientific Advisor and Program Manager Air Force Office of Scientific Research Project Scientist, International Space Station (NASA) Member SPIE

Phillip W. Mange Associate Superintendent, Space Science Division Scientific Consultant to the Director of Research, Naval Research Laboratory (retired)

John E. Mansfield Vice Chairman Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

Kristanka Marinova Department of Chemical Engineering Faculty of Chemistry Sofia University, Bulgaria

Richard Marrus Emeritus Professor of Physics University of California at Berkeley Fellow APS

John Martinis Professor of Physics University of California, Santa Barbara APS Fellow

David T. Marx Associate Professor of Physics Illinois State University

Joseph Maserjian Senior Research Scientist, California Institute of Technology -Jet Propulsion Laboratory (retired)

John H. McAdoo Aerospace Physicist Member IEEE, AAAS

Gene H. McCall Laboratory Fellow Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired)

E. O. Lawrence Award 1988 Former Chairman, U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Fellow AIAA, Associate Fellow Royal Institute of Navigation

Thomas A. McClelland Vice President, Commercial Products Frequency Electronics, Inc.

Harold Mirels Principal Scientist, The Aerospace Corporation (retired) Fellow APS, AIAA Member National Academy of Engineering

Jim Mitroy Lecturer in Physics, School of Engineering and Information Technology Charles Darwin University, Australia APS Outstanding Referee: 2010

Michael Monce Professor of Physics, Astronomy, and Geophysics Connecticut College Member AAPT, American Geophysical Union

Christopher R. Monroe Bice Zorn Professor of Physics Joint Quantum Institute, University of Maryland and NIST Chair-elect, APS Division of AMO Physics Executive Committee, APS Topical Group on Quantum Information Fellow APS, Institute of Physics

David S. Moore R&D Scientist Los Alamos National Laboratory President, IUPAC Analytical Chemistry Division (2002-2003) Los Alamos Fellows Prize 2009 Fellow APS; Member IUPAC, ACS, Society for Advanced Spectroscopy

Richard A. Muller Professor of Physics University of California at Berkeley Faculty Senior Scientist, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Principle Author, Ice Ages and Astronomical Causes (Springer) Fellow APS, AAAS; MacArthur Fellow

Nasif Nahle Scientific Research Director Biology Cabinet, Mexico Member AAAS, NYAS

Rodney W. Nichols President and CEO, New York Academy of Sciences (1992-2001) Vice President and Executive Vice President, The Rockefeller University (1970-1990) Secretary of Defense Medal for Distinguished Meritorious Civilian Service (1970) Fellow AAAS, NYAS

Chad J. Njeim Candidate for the Ph.D. Department of Physics University of New Mexico

Gordon C. Oehler Senior Fellow, Potomac Institute for Policy Studies Working Group Chairman, Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States. Corporate Vice President for Corporate Development, Science Applications International Corporation (1998-2004) National Intelligence Officer for Science, Technology and Proliferation (1989-1992)

William P. Oliver Professor of Physics Tufts University Life Member APS

Frank R. Paolini Adjunct Professor of Physics, University of Connecticut at Stamford (retired) Senior Member APS, Member IEEE

Byung Kyu Park Candidate for the Ph.D. Department of Physics University of California at Berkeley

Albert C. Parr Chief, Optical Technology Division NIST (retired) Fellow APS; Member OSA, SPIE

Daniel N. Payton III Senior Scientist, Science Applications International Corporation (1992-present) Eos Technologies (1984-1992) Technical Director of Nuclear Technology Air Force Weapons Laboratory (1976-1984)

John T. Pearson Research Assistant Microfluidics Group Brigham Young University Member AIAA

Erik M. Pell Xerox Corporation (retired) Author: From Dreams to Riches – The Story of Xerography (Carlson) Edward Goodrich Acheson Medal (Electrochemical Society) 1986 President, Electrochemical Society (1980-1981) Fellow APS, Honorary Member ECS, Senior Member IEEE

Thomas E. Phipps, Jr. Physicist (retired) Operations Evaluation Group, MIT US Naval Ordnance Laboratory Senior Member APS

Richard S. Post Chairman of the Board NEXX Systems, Inc. Fellow APS

Joseph F. Prince Candidate for the Ph.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Brigham Young University

John X. Przybysz Consulting Engineer Northrop Grumman Corporation Fellow IEEE

Donald Rapp Chief Technologist, Mechanical and Chemical Systems, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (retired) Professor of Physics and Environmental Engineering, University of Texas (1973-1979) Author, Assessing Climate Change and Ice Ages and Interglacials (Springer-Verlag) Fellow APS

Ned S. Rasor Consulting Physicist Formerly, President and CEO, Rasor Associates, Inc. Member IEEE, AIAA

Richard T. Rauch NASA Stennis Space Center Life Member APS, Associate Fellow AIAA

Michael F. Reusch Partner, Computational Market Dynamics Formerly, Staff Scientist, Grumman Aerospace Corporation Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

John E. Rhoads Professor of Physics Midwestern State University (retired) Member SPE

Harry I. Ringermacher Sr. Research Physicist General Electric Global Research Center AIP “History of Physics in Industry” Participant at GE Sir William Herschel Medal (American Academy of Thermology) Copper Black Award (American Mensa) 2003 and 2007

Stanley Robertson Emeritus Professor of Physics Southwestern Oklahoma State University

Berol Robinson Principal Scientific Officer UNESCO (retired) Member AAPT, AAAS, Association des Écologistes Pour le Nucléaire

Robert C. Rohr Reactor Physicist Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (retired) Former Adjunct Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Daniel J. Rogers Staff Scientist Applied Information Sciences Department Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Member OSA

Kelly R. Roos Professor of Physics Bradley University

John J. Ryan President HEP Arts, Inc. (Advanced Software for IT) Member AAAS, The Planetary Society

Isaac C. Sanchez William J. Murray, Jr. Chair in Engineering and Associate Chair Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin

U.S. Department of Commerce Medals 1980, 1983 Edward U. Condon Award (NIST) 1983; SPE International Research Award 1996 Member National Academy of Engineering, Fellow APS

Raymond E. Sarwinski President, Cryogenic Designs, Inc. Life Member APS

Kenneth V. Saunders Senior Research Engineer and Project Leader RAND Corporation (retired) Lead Author, Priority Setting and Strategic Sourcing in Naval Research,

Development and Technology Infrastructure (RAND) Life Member APS, Member SIAM, Mathematical Association of America, AIAA

Nicola Scafetta Research Scientist Physics Department Duke University Member American Geophysical Union

Mark D. Semon Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy Bates College Member American Academy of Forensic Scientists, American College of Forensic Examiners

Thomas P. Sheahen President/ CEO, Western Technology, Inc. (energy sciences consulting) Author, Introduction to High Temperature Superconductivity (Springer) Member AAAS; APS Congressional Science Fellowship (1977-78)

Arnold J. Sierk Technical Staff Member Theoretical Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow APS

Joseph Silverman Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering, Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Maryland Fellow APS, ANS

James D. Simpson Senior Scientist Argonne National Laboratory (retired) Fellow APS

S. Fred Singer Professor of Environmental Sciences Emeritus University of Virginia First Director of the National Weather Satellite Service Fellow APS, AAAS, American Geophysical Union

Frans W. Sluijter Professor, Department of Applied Physics Eindhoven University of Technology Former Chair, Plasma Physics Division, European Physics Society Former Vice President, International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Member Dutch Physical Society, Institute of Physics UK

John R. Smith Project Physicist, Experimental High Energy Physics Department of Physics University of California at Davis Life Member APS

Hermann Statz Raytheon Company (retired) Microwave Pioneer Award (IEEE) 2004 Fellow APS

Nick Steph Chair, Department of Physics Franklin College Member AAPT, ACS D. Scott Stewart Shao Lee Soo Professor Mechanical Science and Engineering University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana Fellow APS (Division of Fluid Dynamics), Fellow Institute of Physics

Peter Stilbs Professor of Physical Chemistry Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden Life Member APS

Norman D. Stockwell Senior Project Engineer, TRW (retired) Former Member of the Technical Staff, The Aerospace Corporation Life Member APS, Member AAAS

Thomas F. Stratton Fellow, Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired) Fellow APS

William R. Stratton Scientific Staff Member Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired) Member AEC Advisory Committee on Reactor Safety Chair ANS Nuclear Reactor Accident Study Fellow ANS

Szymon Suckewer Professor of School of Engineering & Applied Sciences Director of Plasma Science & Technology Program Princeton University Fellow APS, OSA

Ronald M. Sundelin Associate Director, DOE Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (retired) Commonwealth Professor Emeritus of Physics, Virginia Tech Fellow APS

Andrei Szilagyi Formerly, Chief Scientist, Aura Systems, Inc. Chief Technologist, Radiant Technology Corporation Chief Scientist, NanoMuscle Inc. Member MRS, Electrochemical Society, TMS – The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society

Willard L. Talbert Scientific Consultant (1993-present) Scientific Staff Member, Los Alamos National Laboratory, 1976-1993 (retired) Professor of Physics, Iowa State University (1961-1976) Fellow APS

Lu Ting Professor Emeritus of Mathematics Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University Lead Author, Vortex Dominated Flows (Applied Mathematical Sciences, Springer) Member SIAM, AIAA, AAM

Frank J. Tipler Professor of Mathematical Physics Tulane University Coauthor, The Anthropic Cosmological Principle (Oxford University Press)

Salvatore Torquato Professor of Chemistry and the Princeton Center for Theoretical Science,

Materials Institute and Applied & Computational Mathematics Princeton University 2009 APS David Alder Lectureship Award in the Field of Material Physics Fellow APS

Rusty S. Towell Professor of Physics Abilene Christian University Member IEEE

Edward S. Troy Principal Engineer Aerospace Consulting Wireless, RF, microwave, analog/DSP, and GPS circuits and systems Member IEEE, AAAS

Frederick L. Vook Director (Emeritus), Physical and Chemical Sciences, Sandia National Laboratories Author, Radiation Effects in Semiconductors (Plenum Press) Lead Author, Report to the APS by the Study Group on Physics Problems Related to Energy Technologies:

Radiation Effects on Materials Fellow APS

Richard W. Vook Professor of Physics Director, Solid State Science and Technology Program Syracuse University (retired) Member AVS, Electron Microscopy Society of America

William B. Walters Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland John Simon Guggenheim Fellow (1986) ACS Award in Nuclear Chemistry (2001) Alexander von Humboldt Senior Fellow, University of Mainz (2002) Life Member APS, Member ACS

John Weiner Visiting Professor, University of Maryland CNST Visiting Fellow, NIST Professeur des Universités Université Paul Sabatier (retired) Fellow APS, Member OSA

Steven J. Werkema Deputy Head Fermilab Antiproton Source Department Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Samuel A. Werner Curators’ Professor Emeritus The University of Missouri Guest Researcher, NIST Fellow APS, AAAS

Bruce J. West Adjunct Professor of Physics Duke University Fellow APS

John B. West Honorary Scientist, STFC Daresbury Laboratory Honorary Scientist, International Board for UV Conferences Fellow APS, Member Institute of Physics, UK

Willard W. White Senior Scientist, Division Director Mission Research Corporation (retired) Life Member APS; Member AAAS, IEEE

Bruce R. Wienke Program Manager Los Alamos National Laboratory President Southwest Enterprises Inc. Author, Hyperbaric Physics and Bubble Mechanics (Best Publishing) Fellow American Academy of Underwater Sciences

Jerry B. Wilhelmy Fellow Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired)

David C. Williams Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff Sandia National Laboratories (retired) Member AAAS, ACS, ANS Edward L. Wills Research Associate Professor Emeritus Department of Physics University of Alabama at Birmingham

Peter J. Wojtowicz Group Head, Senior Member Technical Staff (retired) RCA Labs, GE, Sarnoff Corporation Fellow APS

Gregory A Wright Chief Technology Officer Antiope Associates LLC

Richard K. Wright Senior Member of the Technical Staff Siemens Optoelectronic Division

Ya-Hong Xie Professor of Materials Science and Engineering University of California at Los Angeles Senior Member IEEE, Member Materials Research Society

M. John Yoder Principal Physicist The MITRE Corporation Life Member APS

Michael Zaezjev Energy, Materials, and Telecommunications Center Institute National de la Recherche´ Scientifique, Varrennes, Canada

Claude Zeller Principal Fellow Pitney Bowles Inc. Member IEEE

Martin V. Zombeck Physicist, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (retired) Author, Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics (Cambridge University Press) Coauthor, High Resolution X-Ray Spectroscopy of Cosmic Plasmas (Cambridge University Press)

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