by Eric Grimsrud
It is time to move this debate forward. As the Prosecutor I will now attempt to do that in strict accordance with the Scientific Method, a portion of which Ed has previously summarized in his Post #2.
To the Jury:
In science, we have theories and we have observable facts. Our understanding of gravity, for example, is based on both theory and facts. In this case, the facts have become known as the Laws of Gravity (a set of equations) while the theory is the sort of thing that Einstein unsuccessfully wrestled with in his attempt for develop a Unified Field Theory. Theories differ from facts, of course. Theories never becomes facts. Theories are just models of a given physical system that attempt to explain to behavior of that system. Therefore, even the very best of all theories ever developed for any physical systems remain “just theories” and can never be proved to be factual or the ultimate expression of truth. The only outcome for theories is that they either survive after being tested by observable facts or they are shown to be incorrect by those tests. If the latter occurs, then we know that the theory is either completely or partially incorrect. Upon adjustment, the theory can then be retested. [Read more…]