Edwin X Berry, PhD, CCM
Edwin X Berry, PhD, CEO
Climate Physics, LLC
439 Grand Dr #147
Bigfork, MT 59911
Position and Expertise
Dr. Edwin X Berry is a physicist, a Certified Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) by the American Meteorological Society (AMS), and CEO of Climate Physics, LLC. His expertise is in atmospheric physics, climate physics, and numerical models.
Berry received his BS in Engineering from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in 1957, where he studied under Linus Pauling and other excellent professors.
While at Caltech, Berry served in the Air Force ROTC as a pilot trainee. Near graduation the officers informed the pilot-trainees that Congress had reduced their budget for pilots. So, the AFROTC gave Berry an honorable discharge.
After graduating from Caltech, he worked as a physics instructor at Sacramento State University while he studied math.
In 1959, Dartmouth College awarded Berry a teaching fellowship in physics. In addition to physics, Berry studied math and philosophy under John Kemeny, who studied under Albert Einstein. Berry’s master’s thesis, under Professor Millet Morgan, was about the polarization of high-frequency radio waves beamed into the earth’s ionosphere.
Berry received his MA in Physics from Dartmouth College in 1960.
In 1961, Berry became the first research assistant of the new Desert Research Institute at the University of Nevada, Reno. Berry’s PhD physics mentor was Friedwart Winterberg, the top student of Nobel Laureate Werner Heisenberg.
Berry received his PhD in Physics, with minors in atmospheric physics and math, from the University of Nevada in 1965.
Desert Research Institute, University of Nevada
Berry taught graduate physics courses in fluid dynamics while he continued his research.
Berry was chief scientist for Nevada’s Desert Research Institute airborne research facility. He planned and led pioneering research flights inside Alberta hailstorms and Sierra Nevada mountain storms.
Berry designed, and his team built, the first airborne, earth-referenced radar display for weather research, which predated modern GPS instruments. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Agency (NOAA) adapted Berry’s design for hurricane research.
He participated as a consultant in federal-government-sponsored meteorological research experiments in the USA, Canada, South Africa, Puerto Rico, St. Croix, and the Philippine Islands.
Dr. Pierre St. Amand, of the Naval Weapons Center, invited Berry to be a regular consultant to the Department of Defense (DOD). In 1969, St. Amand invited Berry to be the only civilian consultant in DOD’s top-secret “Operation Popeye” weather modification project in the Philippines. Berry and St. Amand used C-130 aircraft to teach US Air Force (USAF) B-52 pilots how to produce rain by dynamically seeding tropical clouds.
National Science Foundation Program Manager
In 1972, the National Science Foundation (NSF) invited Berry to be its Program Manager for Weather Modification. Berry managed NSF’s leading edge-national weather research projects, including the Metropolitan Meteorological Experiment (METROMEX) and the National Hail Research Experiment (NHRE).
The Metropolitan Meteorological Experiment (METROMEX) was a major research project to quantify the inadvertent weather modification by a large city. Extensive measurements in and around St. Louis showed how the heat island effect of the city modified the surrounding weather and climate. The project budget was $5 million per year plus significant contributions from the US Air Force.
The National Hail Research Experiment (NHRE) was a major research project to study the microphysics and dynamics of large hail storms on the east slope of the Rocky Mountains. The project budget was $5 million per year.
As NSF Program Manager, Berry convened a special task force to study the statistical methods required to evaluate weather modification experiments. Statistical experts from the University of California, Berkeley, concluded that weather modification evaluation was the most difficult statistical problem they had encountered.
When in high school, Berry scored a perfect 800 on the quantitative SAT test while finishing an hour ahead before the allotted time. A few years later, he scored 100 percent on the Selective Service written test while finishing an hour before the allotted time.
Berry’s theoretical PhD thesis, “Cloud Droplet Growth by Collection,” is still cited as a breakthrough in the science of rain formation and in the use of numerical models. His work is summarized in cloud physics textbooks.
Berry is a pilot, with glider, power, and instrument ratings.
In 1976, Berry founded Edwin X Berry & Associates in Sacramento. Later, he started Atmospheric Research & Technology and Amerivision Corporation.
He developed numerical models to calculate and reduce aircraft accidents caused by wind shear. He worked with United Airline pilots in simulators to test his ideas about wind shear on aircraft. He helped United Airlines to develop safe landing methods during wind-shear conditions. He proposed a method to detect wind shear over airports which the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) installed at major airports.
He performed the southern California desert wind-energy study for the California Energy Commission. He was first to identify Altamont Pass and Tehachapi Pass as excellent wind energy resources.
He designed and his team manufactured the first low-cost, electronic remote data instruments for wind energy using then state-of-the-art electronics, and helped private companies evaluate wind-energy potential on their land.
From 1989 through 1992, Berry managed his meteorological team to provide 24-hour weather forecasting for the US Customs Aerostat project along the southern U.S. border.
In 1991, Berry developed software that used historical annual streamflow data to estimate future annual streamflow for the Sacramento River Index. His cycle-based software accurately predicted California would recover from its 1993 drought and that drought would reoccur in 2013.
Berry has been an expert witness in many legal trials and has never been on the losing side of a trial.
In 1992, Berry made courtroom history by developing and defending the first computer model to generate new evidence in a criminal trial. His custom software application, written in Microsoft Visual Basic, modeled human body physiological responses to changing weather and environmental conditions. This model and Berry’s testimony was a key element in the successful defense in a high-profile murder trial.
Computerworld and Microsoft selected his model as one of 24 finalists out of 1300 entries for the 1993 Windows World Open where it won the overall “People’s Choice Award.” Microsoft nominated Berry for a Smithsonian Award.
In 1996, the University of Nevada Alumni Association presented Berry with its Professional Achievement Award, after he was nominated by his physics mentor, Winterberg.
From 1994 through 2000, Berry developed software that applied mathematical artificial intelligence methods, developed for weather forecasting, to the valuation of single-family homes. The Bank of America performed side-by-side tests of Berry’s model against other home valuation methods. Berry’s method proved significantly superior. Berry sold his automated property valuation company in 2001.
In 2001, Berry began focusing on the global warming research, which is intimately tied to his expertise in cloud physics, numerical modeling, complex systems, and government-sponsored research. He has self-funded his climate research since 2001.
Berry moved to Bigfork, Montana, in 2008.
Berry led the successful Montana fight to stop the “Our Children’s Trust” climate lawsuit in the Montana Supreme Court. Berry’s testimony stopped several climate bills from passing in Montana’s legislature.
Berry manages his climate research and maintains close interaction with many other climate scientists via the Internet and professional meetings. Berry is an active member in the two most attended email groups on climate change.
Berry began his self-funded website (edberry.com) in 2009 to educate and inform the public about climate science. He is experienced in communicating with the general public and with other scientists. He has many subscribers to his climate website.
Berry’s abstract to the AMS 31st Conference on Climate Variability and Change, scheduled for January 2018, shows human emissions contribute less than 18 ppm to the present 400 ppm, and, therefore, human emissions do not cause climate change. This is a checkmate argument that supports President Trump’s interpretation of the climate change debate.
Berry’s main publications are listed on ResearchGate.net. His professional publications continue to gather citations from new publications by other authors.
During his professional career, Berry has been very active in athletic competitions.
After graduating from Caltech, Berry spent the summer training under Ed Parker in his first “gang of 8” Kenpo Karate class in Altadena, California. The most valuable part of the training was how to fall. Parker’s training allowed Berry, years later, to endure two serious falls on his back onto concrete with absolutely no injury.
When a graduate student at University of Nevada, his athletic performance in a wide variety of required events won him a membership in the elite Sigma Delta Psi national athletic honorary society. Others who have achieved this level of athletic performance include Astronaut Edward White, super-athlete Norm Hoffman, Dr. Fred Hatfield, and Dr. Thomas Cureton.
As a competitive small-boat sailor, Berry and his wife, Valerie, as crew, beat Olympic sailors and won Gold Medals in the 1974 Canadian Olympic-Training Regatta in Kingston, Ontario. They also won North American and US National Championships.
In the 1990’s, Berry placed in the USA top 10 age-group run-bike-run events. In the 2000’s, he placed in the top 3 in international senior track competition for races 100, 200, 400, and 1500 meters.
Currently, in Concept2 rowing competition, Berry holds age-group world first place in 500m and second places for 100m and 1000m. Among lightweights, he is first in all three events. Remarkably, he continues to make new personal records in rowing competition.
Primary climate-related publications
Berry, E.X, 1962: Growth of cloud droplets by condensation, DRI, U. of Nevada, 63, TR 1.
Berry, E.X, 1963: Non-conservation of angular momentum of a weight on a string. Amer. J. Physics, 31, 304-305.
Berry, E.X, and W.A. Mordy, 1964: Cloud particle growth by the combined effects of condensation and collection. DRI, U. of Nevada, 64, TR 8.
Berry, E.X, 1965: The effect of collection efficiencies on droplet growth. DRI, U of Nevada, 65, Preprint 12.
Mordy, W.A. and E.X Berry, 1965: Particle growth by coalescence. J. Atmos. Sci. 32, 340.
Berry, E.X, 1966: A convenient nucleus parameter for consideration of droplet growth. Recher. Atmos., xx, 411-416.
Berry, E.X, 1967: Cloud droplet growth by collection. J. Atmos. Sci. 24, 688-701. (Publication of Berry’s PhD Thesis, this publication continues to be cited several times per month through July 2017.)
Berry, E.X, 1968: Comments on “Cloud droplet coalescence: Statistical foundations and a one-dimensional sedimentation model.” J. Atmos. Sci. 25, 151-152.
Berry, E.X, 1969: A mathematical framework for cloud models. J. Atmos. Sci. 26, 109-111.
Berry, E.X, 1969: Atmospheric measurements during the winter of 1969 as part of Project Skywater. DRI, U of Nevada, 69, PSTR 12.
Berry, E.X, 1970: A study of hailstorms using airborne radar. DRI, U of Nevada, 70, PSTR 13.
Berry, E.X, and R.L. Reinhardt, 1973: Modeling of condensation and collection within clouds. DRI, U of Nevada, 73, PSTR 16.
Berry, E.X, special report, 1969: Operation Popeye, Naval Weapons Center, Department of Defense (DOD). Top-secret project to demonstrate dynamic cloud-seeding techniques to produce rain from tropical clouds near the Philippines. Berry assisted DOD to use C-130 aircraft to train USAF B-52 pilots to dynamically seed clouds, for use over Laos and North Vietnam.
Neilsen, K.W. and E.X Berry, 1969: Development and use of an airborne air marker for atmospheric research. J. Appl. Meteor. 8, 502-505.
Berry, E.X, 1969: Convective motion as indicated by visual tracers. J. Appl. Meteor. 8, 506-508.
Ostlund, H.G. and E.X Berry, 1970: Modification of atmospheric tritium and water vapor by Lake Tahoe. Tellus, 22, 463-465.
Marwitz, J.D. and E.X Berry, 1971: The airflow within the weak echo region of an Alberta hailstorm. J. Appl. Meteor., 10, 487-492.
Berry, E.X and M.R. Pranger, 1974: Equations for calculating the terminal velocity of water drops. J. Appl. Meteor, 13, 108-113.
Berry, E.X, 1974: Comments on “The greenhouse effect.” J. Appl. Meteor. 13, 603-604.
Berry, E.X and R.L. Reinhardt, 1974: An analysis of cloud drop growth by collection. Part I: Double distributions. J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1814-1824.
Berry, E.X and R.L. Reinhardt, 1974: An analysis of cloud drop growth by collection. Part II: Single initial distributions. J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1825-1831.
Berry, E.X and R.L. Reinhardt, 1974: An analysis of cloud drop growth by collection. Part III: Accretion and self-collection. J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 2118-2126.
Berry, E.X and R.L. Reinhardt, 1974: An analysis of cloud drop growth by collection. Part IV: A new parameterization. J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 2127-2135.
Berry, E.X, 1974: Weather and climate modification: Problems and progress. A book review. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 55, 1479-1480.
Berry, E.X, 1975: Weather Modification. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Sci. and Tech., 413-415.
Berry, E.X, 1976: Conference summary by Conference Manager. AMS Special Regional Weather Modification Conference: Augmentation of winter orographic precipitation in the Western US. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 57, 998-1002.
Berry, E.X, 1977: Detection of dangerous wind shear on the glide slope by ground-based data sources: a feasibility study. EXB, 77, Sierra Research Corporation.
Berry, E.X, 1977: Parameterization equations for the simulation of microphysical processes in cloud models. EXB, 77, US Bureau of Reclamation.
Berry, E.X, 1978: A Design for Water Resources Management in California. California Department of Water Resources, 78, DWR B 52791.
Berry, E.X, 1978: A Mathematical Basis for Wind Resources Prospecting.
Berry, E.X, 1980: Wind resource assessment in California. California Energy Commission, 80 May, CEC P500-80-024.
Berry, E.X, R.K. Hauser and W.G. Lane, 1980: Project Windesert: An Interim Report. AIAA/SERI Wind Energy Conference, 890 Jul, AIAA-80-0647-CP.
Berry, E.X, R.K. Hauser, W.G. Lane, 1981: Wind Energy Assessment of the Southern California Desert. Vol I. California Energy Commission, 81 Jun, CEC P500-81-023 and P500-81-025.
Berry, E.X, R.K. Hauser, W.G. Lane, 1981: Wind Energy Assessment of the Southern California Desert. Vol II. California Energy Commission. 81 Jun, CEC P500-81-023.
Project Windesert was a two-year measurement and study of the wind energy resources in the Southern California Desert for the California Energy Commission. 1981. $200,000 per year.
Primary climate-related internet posts
A Model for Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Abstract. August 9, 2017. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/model-atmospheric-carbon-dioxide-abstract/
Why our CO2 emissions do not increase Atmosphere CO2: Part 2. January 4, 2017. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/why-our-co2-emissions-do-not-increase-atmosphere-co2-part-2/
Why our CO2 emissions do not increase Atmosphere CO2. December 19, 2016. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/why-our-co2-emissions-do-not-increase-atmosphere-co2/
Democrats keep lying about global warming. June 30, 2016. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/democrats-keep-lying-about-global-warming/
Matthews Bradley promotes Climate Lysenkoism. March 6, 2016. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/matthews-bradley-promotes-climate-lysenkoism/
Elwood and Thiessen promote Cargo Cult Science. March 6, 2016. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/elwood-and-thiessen-promote-cargo-cult-science/
Today is Al Gore’s Global Warming Doomsday. January 26, 2016. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/today-is-al-gores-global-warming-doomsday/
Sun not CO2 causes climate change. September 29, 2015. http://edberry.com/blog/climate-physics/agw-hypothesis/new-study-sun-not-co2-causes-climate-change/
A Physics view of Climate Change. December 16, 2015. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/a-physics-view-of-climate-change/
Climate alarmists tell climate lies. November 17, 2015. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/climate-alarmists-tell-climate-lies/
An Adventure in Physics – An untold Story. March 24, 2015. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/an-adventure-in-physics-an-untold-story/
Nonconservation of Angular Momentum of a Weight on a String. March 23, 2015. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/nonconservation-of-angular-momentum-of-a-weight-on-a-string/
Take the Politics out of Climate Change. March 22, 2015. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/take-politics-out-of-climate-change/
Professor Steve Running is not a Nobel Laureate. September 19, 2014. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/professor-steve-running-nobel-laureate-2/
Commander Ryan Zinke is a better scientist than Professor Steve Running. August 8, 2014. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/commander-ryan-zinke-better-scientist-professor-steve-running/
Physicist makes case against catastrophic climate change. January 26, 2014. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/physicist-makes-case-catastrophic-climate-change/
Poll of Meteorologists shows only Half believe humans are primary cause of global warming. November, 26, 2013. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/poll-of-meteorologists-shows-only-half-believe-humans-are-primary-cause-of-global-warming/
Questions for Professor Doug Coffin on HJ 10. February, 18, 2013. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/questions-for-professor-doug-coffin-sponsor-of-hj-10/
Montana HJ-10 Rebuttal. February 18. 2013. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/montana-hj-10-rebuttal/
Montana HJ 10: “Overwhelming scientific evidence”? February 8, 2013. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/montana-hj-10-overwhelming-scientific-evidence/
There is no Global Warming in Montana. February 4, 2013. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/there-is-no-global-warming-in-montana/
Open Letter to the City of Spokane. February 28, 2009. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/berry-open-letter-to-the-city-of-spokane/
First, prove CO2 is a problem. January 24, 2012. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/first-prove-co2-is-a-problem/
15 Donors have given $2090 to stop the Climate Change fraud in Montana. December 29, 2011. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/15-donors-have-given-2090-to-stop-the-climate-change-fraud-in-montana/
Oregon Eco-Group files Climate Change Lawsuit against Montana Citizens. May 20, 2011. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/oregon-eco-group-files-climate-change-lawsuit-against-montana-citizens-2/
The Wisdom of 1946: The Bear that Wasn’t. July 29, 2010. http://edberry.com/blog/ed-berry/the-wisdom-of-1946-the-bear-that-wasnt/